ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence language model developed by OpenAI. The "GPT" stands for "Generative Pretrained Transformer", which refers to the type of machine learning model used. It's designed to generate human-like text based on the input it receives. ChatGPT is trained on a diverse range of internet text, but it doesn't know specifics about which documents were in its training set or have access to any personal data unless explicitly provided during the conversation. It generates responses to input by predicting what comes next in a piece of text, based on the patterns it learned during its training. It's important to note that while ChatGPT can generate informative and coherent responses, it doesn't have beliefs or desires, and doesn't understand the world in the same way humans do. It's a tool designed to assist with information and tasks and to engage in conversation in a human-like manner.